Genital mutilation has no health benefits and in many ways harms girls and women. It involves the removal and damage of healthy and normal female genital tissue and disrupts the natural functions of the bodies of girls and women. In general, the risks associated with MGM increase with increasing severity (which corresponds here to the amount of damaged tissue), while all forms of MGM are associated with an increased health risk. Most participants felt it was best not to practice MFM, while others preferred to leave it to people to choose whether or not to do so. Other recent studies have shown that most women in the Iraqi Kurdistan region have not supported the continuation of genital mutilation, believing that it has no benefit to women [15, 26]. However, two previous studies from 2008 reported strong support for the continued practice of MDM by Kurdish women, particularly mutilated participants (36.6% and 28%). [8, 9]. This could indicate that there is less support for the continuation of MGM in the area with passport or time. However, the FGM remains widespread in the region, even though most people oppose it. The existence of such a contradiction requires further reflection on this issue. In other countries, too, support for girls and women in the pursuit of female genital mutilation is high.
Low economic status, poor education and poor media presence have been associated with increased support from the FGM . This is why it is important to increase media coverage, awareness and education, as well as the fight against poverty, in order to change women`s attitudes towards women`s attitudes towards MFMs. When a tool is used to cut off several girls, as is often the case in communities where large groups of girls are cut on the same day during a socio-cultural rite, there is a risk of HIV transmission. The study subjects did not have a clear idea of the part and proportion of female genitalia cut during MMM. Previous studies have shown that type I OF THE FGM or climate totomy is the most common species in the Iraqi Kurdistan region (76-99%). [8, 9, 19]. In other countries, such as Sudan, Nigeria and Egypt, women`s lack of knowledge about MGM types has been reported . Lack of knowledge of exactly what MFM contains could contribute to increased prevalence. If women know that the procedure involves removing or damaging important parts of the genitals, they may be discouraged from doing so for their daughters. The three main reasons cited by the study participants for the practice of MDM were the reduction of sexual desire of girls and women, the transport of halal hands and religious requirements. Another study conducted in the Iraqi Kurdistan region also identified religious obligations and made food treated by girls and women as the main reasons for the exercise of the DCFM . Religious obligation is a key reason for the exercise of FGM in some other countries, including Iran (2.8%) , Sudan (26%)  and nigeria (10%)  No religious writing advises or promotes GMFs, but many people believe that FGM is supported by religion.
Islamic scholars, however, have different positions with regard to MDM.